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Flutter vs React Native: Which Cross-Platform Framework is Better for App Development in 2024?

Flutter vs React Native

Are you a mobile app developer looking to stay ahead of the curve in 2024? Imagine reaching a wider audience, increasing customer engagement, and effortlessly boosting revenue streams. Cross-platform app development is the golden ticket to make this vision a reality! With powerful tools like Flutter and React Native leading the way, developers have the ultimate arsenal to create dynamic and user-friendly apps that drive conversions like never before. 

In this post, we’ll explore the key differences and similarities between these two popular frameworks, aiding you in making an informed decision for your next app development project. Let’s dive in and see which framework comes out on top!

Cross-platform app development involves creating mobile applications that operate seamlessly across various operating systems, like iOS and Android, using a single codebase.

What is Flutter?

Google created Flutter, an open-source UI software development kit (SDK), in 2017. It uses the Dart programming language and allows app developers to develop code across multiple platforms, including Android, web, iOS, and desktop. Its architecture, centered around Dart and the Skia rendering engine, ensures high performance and a native-like experience across all supported platforms.

With its hot reload feature, developers can see code changes instantly reflected in the app, saving time and boosting productivity. This fast iteration process allows companies to test new features and improvements quickly, resulting in more engaging user experiences and increased sales conversions. Furthermore, Flutter’s customizable widgets and smooth animations increase user engagement, increasing conversions.

Dart provides features like ahead-of-time (AOT) compilation for fast startup and just-in-time (JIT) compilation for development speed and hot reload functionality.

Flutter uses the Skia graphics engine to render UIs. Skia is a 2D rendering engine written in C++ that provides hardware-accelerated graphics. It supports text, shapes, images, and other graphics primitives.

What is React Native?

Facebook introduced React Native 2015 as an open-source JavaScript framework for building cross-platform mobile applications. Its efficient development workflow, combined with the ability to use native components, makes it a popular choice for creating performant and responsive mobile applications.

Because of its efficiency in code reusability and ability to deploy on both iOS and Android platforms, React Native has become a popular choice among businesses that want to expand their mobile reach.

Each Native application is written primarily in JavaScript using JSX (JavaScript XML), a syntax extension that allows HTML-like code to be written within JavaScript. JSX enhances readability and development efficiency by combining UI layout with logic.

One of React Native’s key features is its ability to use pre-built components. This allows React native developers to reuse code across different projects or even port existing web applications to mobile platforms.

Whether you choose Flutter or React Native, both offer powerful tools and features that streamline the development process, reduce time to market, and provide a seamless user experience across different platforms. By leveraging these technologies’ capabilities, developers can create high-quality mobile apps that resonate with users and drive business growth. In the upcoming sections, we will cover key differences between these two frameworks and help you decide which is better suited for your next app development project.

React Native Vs Flutter

Two frameworks have become increasingly popular in recent years for developing mobile apps: Flutter and React Native. Both are powerful tools for building cross-platform applications but have unique strengths and weaknesses. This section will compare the two frameworks based on performance, speed, and design.

 

ParametersReact NativeFlutter
Program LanguageJavaScript is widely known, reducing the learning curve for new developers.Requires learning Dart, which might be a barrier for some developers, but the cohesive framework and extensive documentation help mitigate this.
CompatibilityCompatible with IOS 10 and Android 4.1. Developers can build mobile applications for both iOS and Android platforms using React NativeFlutter is compatible with iOS 8 and Android 4.1. Its compatibility with a wide range of platforms, including web, desktop, and embedded devices, underscores its versatility and potential for developers to create diverse applications beyond traditional mobile apps.
FrameworkBuilt on React.js and uses JavaScriptCore runtime (on Android) and JavaScriptCore + JSC (on iOS).Entirely self-contained and includes a rendering engine (Skia).
UI/UXReact Native is based more on native components for both Android and iOS devices. It offers an extensive collection of external UI kits that help create beautiful user interfaces for your applications.Flutter uses proprietary visual, structural, platform, and interactive widgets. These widgets are built-in UI components that replace native platform components.
PerformanceCommunicating via a bridge between JavaScript and native components can introduce latency. Performance can be optimised using native modules but requires additional development work.Uses Skia for rendering, providing consistent 60 FPS performance and lower latency. Compiles directly to native ARM code, resulting in near-native performance.
Development SpeedHot Reloading: Supports fast refresh for quick iterations but may not accurately reflect the latest changes.Offers a reliable hot reload feature that works seamlessly for quick changes.
Developed ByFacebook.Google

Both frameworks have strengths in increasing sales; while React Native offers stability and versatility, Flutter excels in speed and efficiency. Ultimately, the right platform depends on the specific needs and business goals.

Currently, Which Framework is Dominating?

The screenshot below shows that Google Trends data indicates Flutter has dominated the React Native framework for five years.

Flutter Vs React Native Google Trend

With its mature ecosystem and strong community support, React Native remains a formidable player, particularly in enterprise environments. However, Flutter’s rapid growth, technical robustness, and expansion into web and desktop development position it as a strong contender.

Ultimately, the framework that will dominate by 2024 may depend on specific industry needs, the evolution of both frameworks, and how well each addresses the challenges and requirements of modern application development. 

According to research, Flutter and React Native ranked first and second among cross-platform mobile frameworks used by software developers worldwide. Flutter’s adoption surged from 30% in 2019 to 46% in 2022, while React Native experienced a decline from 42% in 2019 to 29% in 2022.

Want to Launch Your App?

Gem3s, a leading technology company, specializes in providing top-notch app development services for Flutter and React native platforms. With highly skilled developers and designers, we guarantee clients a customized application tailored to their needs and requirements. Utilizing the latest technologies and tools, we create seamless, user-friendly apps that stand out in a competitive market.